All answers have been collapsed. Irony of being truthful to facts.
As far the reports are showing, 19 out of 23 schemes that are claimed to be a Modi Government schemes are just renamed ones from the previous UPA government.
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana = Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account
Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account (BSBDA) was a no-minimum-balance service with all facilities of a normal banking account, except that withdrawals were limited to four a month, according to this Reserve Bank of India (RBI) circular dated 17 August 2012. The accounts came with an automated teller machine (ATM)-cum-debit card too.
The BSBDA accounts were also meant for beneficiaries of government programmes, according to this answer in the Rajya Sabha (upper house of Parliament) on 13 December 2012.
Under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY), launched on 28 August 2014, an accident insurance cover of Rs 1 lakh, overdraft facility up to Rs 5,000 after six months, and a life insurance of Rs 30,000 were added to BSBDA accounts.
Unlike BSBDA, PMJDY accounts had a credit limit of Rs 1 lakh because of which pension reimbursements were getting rejected, The Financial Express reported on 8 September 2016.
While BSBDA covered only villages with above 2,000 population, PMJDY has been extended to all areas–rural as well as urban.
2. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana = National Girl Child Day programmes
The Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA)-I declared 24 January as the National Girl Day in 2008-09 and several objectives associated with previous continuing programmes were adopted as targets.
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana (BBBPY), launched in January 2015 under the ministries of women and child development, health and family welfare and human resource development, was a consolidation of old programmes scattered across schemes and ministries under the UPA government.
For instance, the girl child education programme of BBBPY was a repackaging of older education schemes such as the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, according to this February 2016 report by the Centre for Development and Human Rights, a research and advocacy organisation in New Delhi.
Similarly, BBBPY’s objectives of improving the child sex ratio and reducing school dropout rates among girls were already present in the UPA’s Dhanalakshmi and Sabla schemes, respectively. Dhanalakshmi was later discontinued as states already had better schemes in place.
3. Digital India = National eGovernance Plan
The National eGovernance Plan is “now subsumed under Digital India”, according to this government release on 30 November 2016.
Both the Congress (click here and here) and the BJP schemes talk about building infrastructure for delivering government services electronically.
4. Skill India = National Skill Development Programme
Previous skill development programmes were relaunched as Skill India with new branding, according to this government release on 15 July 2015.
The older programmes – National Skill Development Corporation and National Skill Development Fund (launched in 2009), and National Skill Development Agency (launched in 2013) – were brought under a new department of skill development and entrepreneurship on 31 July 2014, according to this government release.
The department became a ministry on 9 November 2014.
5. Mission Indradhanush = Universal Immunisation Programme
Mission Indradhanush is the new name for special immunisation weeks, which were being conducted in areas of low immunisation under the Universal Immunisation Programme, FactChecker reported on 23 July 2015.
6. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana = National Rural Livelihood Mission
“The Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana … is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission,” according to the programme website.
7. PAHAL = Direct Benefits Transfer for LPG
Launched on 1 June 2013, the “Direct Benefit transfer of LPG scheme PAHAL (Pratyaksh Hanstantrit Labh) [was] re-launched in 54 districts on 15 November 2014 in the 1st phase and will be launched in the rest of the 622 districts of the country on 1.1.2015,” according to this government release on 31 December 2014.
8. BharatNet = National Optic Fibre Network
The National Optic Fibre Network, approved on 25 October 2011, aims to provide “Broadband connectivity to Panchayats”.
BharatNet merely repeats the claim: “to digitally connect all the Gram Panchayats (GPs) and Villages of India”, according to this September 2016 Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay report on the second phase of the programme.
9. Make In India = National Manufacturing Policy
The Make In India website not only summarises the scheme as Congress’ “National Manufacturing Policy” but even the broken download link unsuccessfully directs you to a 2011 document of the older policy. The features of the National Manufacturing Policy and Make in India remain the same, shows a comparison on Twitter on 13 February 2016, by Amitabh Dubey, a political analyst at Trusted Sources, which provides investment research on emerging markets.
10. Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana = Jan Aushadhi scheme
The decision to launch the Jan Aushadhi scheme, a programme to supply unbranded medicines at lower prices, was taken on 23 April 2008.
The first store under the scheme was opened on 25 November 2008, according to the Bureau of Pharma PSU in India, established under the department of pharmaceuticals on 1 December 2008, to coordinate the scheme through government-owned companies.
The scheme is now called Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana, according to this Lok Sabha answer on 14 March 2017.
11. Atal Pension Yojana = Swavalamban Yojana
Even as the Modi government folded Congress’s Swavalamban Yojana – a pension scheme for unorganised sector workers launched on 29 September 2010 – under its Atal Pension Yojana, the features of the two schemes remain the same, according to this comparison by the Rajiv Gandhi Institute For Contemporary Studies, a think tank in New Delhi.
12. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana = Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana and other programmes
“Some existing components … have been clubbed together as a cluster based programme and named Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana,” according to the Outcome Budget 2015-16 of the agriculture and cooperation department, FactChecker reported on 22 July 2015.
13. Soil Health Card scheme = National Project on Management of Soil Health and Fertility
A soil health card was “added” to the National Project on Management of Soil Health and Fertility, according to the Outcome Budget 2015-16 of the agriculture and cooperation department.
The Centre would earlier provide support to states for issuing soil health cards under the central scheme, according to Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament) answers (click here and here).
Under the UPA government, soil health cards were also issued under the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture, one of its several organic-farming programmes, according to the Outcome Budget 2015-16. This scheme was also merged with NDA’s renamed Soil Health Card programme.
14. BJP’s neem-coated urea = Congress’s neem-coated urea
Neem-coated urea was included in the Fertiliser (Control) Order of 1985 in 2004, according to government-owned National Fertilizers’ website, and was notified on 2 June 2008, according to this government communication.
It was finally included in the 1985 Order through an amendment on 6 February 2017.
15. Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation = Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
NDA’s urban development minister Venkaiah Naidu had said on assuming office that they would replace Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) with their own urban renewal schemes, The Hindu reported on 29 May 2014.
Subsequently, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), smart cities Mission and Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Urban) were launched on 25 June 2015.
JNNURM was launched on 3 December 2005, for an initial period of seven years and then extended for two years up to March 2014, according to this Rajya Sabha answer on 6 December 2012.
A comparison of some key objectives of the two programmes shows that under the NDA government, the targets of UPA’s umbrella programme have been spread over several schemes.
The “sectors covered under JNNURM and AMRUT and other urban development programmes overlap significantly,” according this March 2016 report by PricewaterhouseCoopers, a global consultancy .